A recent study published in the journal Ophthalmology discovered that women who have the disabling condition of diabetes also have an approximately 70 percent increased risk of developing primary open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the serious eye disease, in comparison to women who do not have diabetes.
According to the U.S. National Eye Institute, an estimated 2 million Americans are affected by primary open-angle glaucoma, which is one of the leading causes of blindness. However, there has been no conclusive proof of a link between diabetes and glaucoma.
Another study published in the same publication found no link between diabetes and glaucoma. That trial included nearly 4,000 people from the Netherlands.
However, the first study was of a significantly larger size, including over 76,000 women enrolled in the 20-year-long Nurses’ Health Study. The available evidence was enough to convince the American Diabetes Association to reach the conclusion that those who have the disabling condition of diabetes have an increased risk of glaucoma.
Glaucoma occurs when there's a gradual increase in the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes, causing optic nerve damage that results in loss of vision and blindness.